Categories
Geology

Before you start, please read the scoring rubric and make sure the information requested is on the paper

Before you start, please read the scoring rubric and make sure the information requested is on the paper

Categories
Geology

Before you start, please read the scoring rubric and make sure the information requested is on the paper

Before you start, please read the scoring rubric and make sure the information requested is on the paper

Categories
Geology

The untitled document is the document that has the questions to be answered.

The lab book and short videos above will aid you in answering the following.
I will submit the screenshots of the pages that are needed to answer the questions.
TM1 Introduction to Maps

TM2 Latitude & Longitude

TM3 PLS & UTM

TM4 Topo Map Info

TM5 Topo Map Scale Edited

TM6 Contour Lines

The untitled document is the document that has the questions to be answered.

Categories
Geology

Late submissions will not be accepted.

You will
-write a 3- to 4-paragraph, 400 word minimum essay describing and discussing the Rock Cycle
-describe the important aspects of the 3 rock families and how they relate to each other
-provide specific examples of each rock family
-discuss the outer Rock Cycle and the alternate paths
Your essay should be accompanied by a citation list in MLA or APA format with at least three citations. One of these citations may be the textbook. Two must be external. References may include books and refereed journal articles, certain valid news outlets (specifically, Newsweek, Time, Fortune, National Geographic, Wall Street Journal, New York Times), government sources (state, local, and federal, generally have a .gov in their website address), or universities and museums (generally have.edu in their website addresses) (e.g., wikipedia is not acceptable). Please include references within the text of your essay that relate to your citation list (i.e., let me know where you have used material in your text from your citation sources). If you reference a web site, you must include the exact web address. You may use no more than two quotes in your text of no more than two sentences each.
Your grade will be based on approximately 60% for content, 20% for grammar and spelling, and 20% for citations and references. To receive credit, your essay must be evaluated by SafeAssign and your similarity index for the text of your essay should be less than 25%. You may submit as many times as your like until the deadline. You are responsible for submitting to Blackboard by the deadline to receive credit for your work. Late submissions will not be accepted.

Categories
Geology

-write a 3- to 4-paragraph, 400 word minimum essay describing and discussing the rock cycle

You will
-write a 3- to 4-paragraph, 400 word minimum essay describing and discussing the Rock Cycle
-describe the important aspects of the 3 rock families and how they relate to each other
-provide specific examples of each rock family
-discuss the outer Rock Cycle and the alternate paths
Your essay should be accompanied by a citation list in MLA or APA format with at least three citations. One of these citations may be the textbook. Two must be external. References may include books and refereed journal articles, certain valid news outlets (specifically, Newsweek, Time, Fortune, National Geographic, Wall Street Journal, New York Times), government sources (state, local, and federal, generally have a .gov in their website address), or universities and museums (generally have.edu in their website addresses) (e.g., wikipedia is not acceptable). Please include references within the text of your essay that relate to your citation list (i.e., let me know where you have used material in your text from your citation sources). If you reference a web site, you must include the exact web address. You may use no more than two quotes in your text of no more than two sentences each.
Your grade will be based on approximately 60% for content, 20% for grammar and spelling, and 20% for citations and references. To receive credit, your essay must be evaluated by SafeAssign and your similarity index for the text of your essay should be less than 25%. You may submit as many times as your like until the deadline. You are responsible for submitting to Blackboard by the deadline to receive credit for your work. Late submissions will not be accepted.

Categories
Geology

What will happen to the landfill when it closes?

Writing Assignment
22 unread replies.22 replies.
The assignment requires 1,000+ words
**Go ahead and post your essay to this discussion forum. You will all have great info shared about important local topics!**You do not need to send it to me as a separate document.
Writing Assignment #1 Look at the following Options for your Writing Assignment. You will earn up to 100 points for discussing one of the following topics. Please provide adequate detail and list any resources that you use (may consist of personal correspondence with employees as well as newspaper, Internet, or article references), for full credit. If you are interested, many of the local sites will give you a tour of their facility if you call and inquire. The Lake Havasu City Wastewater Treatment Plant is especially interesting and currently expanding. Post your findings on the discussion forum.
A typical response for full credit would consist of approximately 5 paragraphs, much the same as if you were answering an essay question on an exam. However, the discussion will be awarded for the thoroughness of your response, and answers to a number of the sample questions provided below for each topic.
Topic: Research your local waste/landfill, or recycle center, or water treatment facility, or sewage treatment plant.
Option Landfill:
Find out what landfill (city/county/state) your trash goes to and write on waste and landfill(s) in your area.
To help guide you in your research, some sample questions are provided below. Note that you may or may not be able to answer all the questions, but these are examples of content that might go into a discussion. The onus is on the student to provide an in-depth review of their local landfill, whether they use the questions below or not.
How many tons/day are received? (If there are no weigh stations & no concrete numbers, ask for an estimate of cubic feet per day of space used, etc.)
Is there an estimate as to the % of collected waste: how much is paper, plastics, food matter, glass, yard waste, etc.? How is leachate handled?
Is any waste imported from surrounding states? How much?
When will the landfill be filled to capacity? What will happen to the landfill when it closes? What new landfill site has been chosen as a replacement?/span/li lispan style=” line-height: 1.4; “Does your landfill generate any energy from the waste? If so, how? If not, are there plans to do this in the future?”How is household hazardous waste handled? (Paint, batteries, pharmaceuticals, cleaning agents, etc.)”How much local waste is incinerated? Is this done on-site? “What are the greatest problems concerning solid waste disposal in your community, county, etc.?”
Discuss if your landfill was recently in the news (last 10 years). If there are no articles, then report zero articles. If you have articles about landfill, how do they contribute to your report? What are the articles about? If there are dozens of articles, you don’t need to summarize each one. Report an overview of how many articles there have been (10 articles in the last 10 years). Look for any common themes. For example, 8 of the 10 news articles from the Clarion Ledger in the summer of 2010 lambasted the city government for not meeting state health codes. There is no guarantee that this will be present; if not – no big deal. Note that we will be checking up via Google to see if articles exist or not.

Categories
Geology

How much?

Writing Assignment
22 unread replies.22 replies.
The assignment requires 1,000+ words
**Go ahead and post your essay to this discussion forum. You will all have great info shared about important local topics!**You do not need to send it to me as a separate document.
Writing Assignment #1 Look at the following Options for your Writing Assignment. You will earn up to 100 points for discussing one of the following topics. Please provide adequate detail and list any resources that you use (may consist of personal correspondence with employees as well as newspaper, Internet, or article references), for full credit. If you are interested, many of the local sites will give you a tour of their facility if you call and inquire. The Lake Havasu City Wastewater Treatment Plant is especially interesting and currently expanding. Post your findings on the discussion forum.
A typical response for full credit would consist of approximately 5 paragraphs, much the same as if you were answering an essay question on an exam. However, the discussion will be awarded for the thoroughness of your response, and answers to a number of the sample questions provided below for each topic.
Topic: Research your local waste/landfill, or recycle center, or water treatment facility, or sewage treatment plant.
Option Landfill:
Find out what landfill (city/county/state) your trash goes to and write on waste and landfill(s) in your area.
To help guide you in your research, some sample questions are provided below. Note that you may or may not be able to answer all the questions, but these are examples of content that might go into a discussion. The onus is on the student to provide an in-depth review of their local landfill, whether they use the questions below or not.
How many tons/day are received? (If there are no weigh stations & no concrete numbers, ask for an estimate of cubic feet per day of space used, etc.)
Is there an estimate as to the % of collected waste: how much is paper, plastics, food matter, glass, yard waste, etc.? How is leachate handled?
Is any waste imported from surrounding states? How much?
When will the landfill be filled to capacity? What will happen to the landfill when it closes? What new landfill site has been chosen as a replacement?/span/li lispan style=” line-height: 1.4; “Does your landfill generate any energy from the waste? If so, how? If not, are there plans to do this in the future?”How is household hazardous waste handled? (Paint, batteries, pharmaceuticals, cleaning agents, etc.)”How much local waste is incinerated? Is this done on-site? “What are the greatest problems concerning solid waste disposal in your community, county, etc.?”
Discuss if your landfill was recently in the news (last 10 years). If there are no articles, then report zero articles. If you have articles about landfill, how do they contribute to your report? What are the articles about? If there are dozens of articles, you don’t need to summarize each one. Report an overview of how many articles there have been (10 articles in the last 10 years). Look for any common themes. For example, 8 of the 10 news articles from the Clarion Ledger in the summer of 2010 lambasted the city government for not meeting state health codes. There is no guarantee that this will be present; if not – no big deal. Note that we will be checking up via Google to see if articles exist or not.

Categories
Geology

Are the results exactly the same?

Absolute Dating
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3 and Graph 10, 8, 4, 0
Lab Question Answers Questions: 1, 2 (on table 5: a, b, c, d), 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 8, 6.4, 3.2, 0
Conclusions 4, 3, 2, 0
Sources / Citations 2, 1.6, 1.2, 0
Activities for Lab 2: Absolute Dating
Activity 1: Isotope Pairs and Half Lives
NOTE: No additional materials are needed for this activity.
Instructions
Geologists use a variety of isotope pairs to date rocks and other materials using radioactive decay. In this activity, you will use the half-life values of the main isotope pairs to calculate the length of time represented by each half-life.
Table 1: Radioactive Isotope Pairs and Half-lives lists the various isotope pairs used on the left, and the length of one half-life for each pair. You are to determine the amount of time represented half-life values of 2, 3, 4, and 5. To do this, multiply the length of time for one half-life by the number of half-lives represented in each column. You will use this information to answer questions in other parts of this lab.
Table : Radioactive Isotope Pairs and Half-lives
Parent > Daughter Isotope Time needed for 1 half-life (years) Time needed for 2 half-life (years) Time needed for 3 half-life (years) Time needed for 4 half-life (years) Time needed for 5 half-life (years)
40K >40A 1.25 billion
238U > 206Pb 4.468 billion
235U > 207Pb 703.8 million
87Rb > 87Sr 48.8 million
14C > 14N 5,730
Activity 2: Using Probability to Predict Decay Rate
NOTE: No additional materials are needed for this activity.
Instructions
Scientists use mathematical concepts such as probability, to help them determine the theoretical outcomes for their models. In this activity, you are going to use the probability of the results of a coin toss to make predictions for the decay rate of a substance.
You will not actually be tossing a coin until Activity 3; in this activity you will use the probability of getting a heads to complete the data table. Since there are only two sides to a coin, the probability of getting a heads is one out of two – or one half. This means that if you flip a coin 10 times, the probability of getting a heads is 5 out of 10. The probability of the total number of heads varies with the amount of times you flip a coin, the probability of heads will be one half of the total flips. In the first row we will start at 100 because the “sample” is brand new. In the second row, we divide the value of Parent Material in the row above by 2 in order to get the half-life; this will also be the value for the Daughter Products; and for the final column you will simply sum the Daughter Products that have occurred.
You will be recording your probability predictions on Table 2: Predicting Decay Rates. The first part of the table has been completed for you; use these values to fill in the remaining cells.
On this table:
Time represents the number of half-lives that have passed since the beginning
Parent Material is the number of coins/flips you start with for each Half-life Time interval
Daughter Products is the number of Tails you flipped for each Half-life Time Interval
Cumulative Daughter Products column is a running total of how many daughter flips you have had (the values in this column should increase from 0 to 100).
Table : Predicting Decay Rates
Time
Representing Number of Half-lives Parent Material:
Predicted Number of Parents remaining for each time interval Daughter Products:
Predicted number of Daughters produced for each time interval Cumulative Total of Daughter
Products
0 100 0 0
1 50 50 50
2 25 25 75
3
4
5
6
7
Activity 3: Collecting Probability Data
Materials needed: Coin
Instructions
In activity 2, you predicted the probability of material remaining for seven half-lives. In this activity, you will be actually flipping the coin to collect real data that more closely reflects natural processes – nature rarely follows the rules exactly, usually because there are more variables involved than we humans are aware of. You will Record your results on Table 3: Decay Rates Based on Flipping a Coin. Notice that results obtained from two other fictional students who did this activity are included. You will be graphing all three sets of data.
Remember, for each flip: Heads = Parent Material, Tails = Daughter Products
For each Half-life Time Interval, start with the number of Parents left from the previous time interval. Repeat this procedure until there is no Parent Material Remaining, recording your results on Table 3: Decay Rates Based on Flipping a Coin.
Table : Decay Rates Based on Flipping a Coin
Your Data “Jason’s” Data “Brisell’s” Data
Time Parent Material Daughter Products
Cumulative Daughter
Products Time Parent Material Daughter Products
Cumulative Daughter
Products Time Parent Material Daughter Products
Cumulative Daughter
Products
0 100 0 0 0 100 0 0 0 100 0 0
1 1 48 52 52 1 49 51 51
2 2 28 20 72 2 26 23 74
3 3 5 23 95 3 15 11 85
4 4 4 1 96 4 6 9 94
5 5 2 2 98 5 5 1 95
6 6 1 1 99 6 2 3 98
7 7 0 1 100 7 1 1 99
Now that you have your data and the data of two additional students (Jason and Brisell), you are to graph your results.
Set up your graph in the following manner:
X-axis is the Manipulated/Independent Variable: Time values from 0 to 7, label your axis
Y-axis is the Responding/Dependent Variable: 0 to 100% of Parent Material, label your axis
Graph your results, using different colors or line types for the four sets of data. Include a key with your graph that indicates the symbol/color for each set of data:
Your Predictions from Activity 2
Your Data from Activity 3
“Jason’s” Data
“Brisell’s” Data
GRAPH:
Lab Questions for Lab 2: Absolute Dating
Activity 1: Isotope Pairs and Half Lives
1. Examine Table 4: Useful Geologic Material for Determining Age below. Using what you learned in Activity 1, explain how the Useful Dating Range was determined.
Table : Useful Geologic Materials for Determining Age
Parent > Daughter
Isotope
Applicable Geologic Materials Useful Dating range
40K >40A Potassium bearing minerals in igneous or
metamorphic rocks, e.g., Potassium-feldspar, Muscovite, Hornblende 100,000 to 4.5 billion years
238U > 206Pb &
235U > 207Pb Zircon bearing igneous or metamorphic rocks 10 million to 4.6 billion years
87Rb > 87Sr Potassium bearing minerals commonly felsic igneous rocks 10 million to 4.5 billion years
14C > 14N
aka radiocarbon dating Organic, carbon bearing materials, such as wood or charcoal. Mostly for archeological applications. 100 to 30,000 years
2. Table 5: List of Geologic Materials is a list of geologic material and their approximate age. For each material, indicate which pair or pairs of Isotopes would be best used to determine the actual age. You don’t need to include the subscriipts – use: K-Ar; U-Pb, Rb-Sr and/or C-N
Table : List of Geologic Materials
Material Information / Observations Best isotope pair(s) to use
a. Gneiss Probably Precambrian, contains K-feldspar, muscovite and hornblende
b. Granite Probably from the Paleozoic, contains K-feldspar, muscovite and hornblende
c. Zircon Grain Found in Paleozoic sediment – grain is older than the sediment
d. Cotton cloth Found at an ancient human burial site in Europe

NOTE on Geologic Time: Precambrian (4.5 billion to 541 million years ago), Paleozoic (541 to 64 million years ago)
3. Explain why all methods cannot be used to date all of the materials listed in Table 5.
Activity 2: Using Probability to Predict Decay Rate
4. Describe the process or reasoning you used to make your predictions.
Activity 3: Collecting Probability Data
5. Examine your Prediction Data in Part 2 and the data from the three (3) Trials in this section. Are the results exactly the same? Describe why this is so.
6. Describe the general shape of the lines you plotted on your graph.
7. How do the shapes of the four lines compare? If they are very different, give an explanation of why they are different. If they are similar in shape, explain why this is so.
8. This lab was designed to help you understand “radioactive half-life”. In your own words, define the principle of “radioactive half-life”.
Conclusion for Lab 2: Absolute Dating
Give a short summary of what you did in each section, include science concepts addressed, any challenges you faced, and conclusions you can make based on the data you collected.
Overall, what did you learn from doing this lab in regards to using Absolute Dating to determine the age of rocks? What questions do you now have?
Your response:
Your citation(s):
PROVIDED QUESTION TEMPLATE
Name:
Date
Lab title
Lab Partner (state “N/A” when no partner is used)
Table 1: Radioactive Isotope Pairs and Half-lives
Parent > Daughter Isotope Time needed for 1 half-life (years) Time needed for 2 half-life (years) Time needed for 3 half-life (years) Time needed for 4 half-life (years) Time needed for 5 half-life (years)
40K >40A 1.25 billion
238U > 206Pb 4.468 billion
235U > 207Pb 703.8 million
87Rb > 87Sr 48.8 million
14C > 14N 5,730
Table 2: Predicting Decay Rates
Time
Representing Number of Half-lives Parent Material:
Predicted Number of Parents remaining for each time interval Daughter Products:
Predicted number of Daughters produced for each time interval Cumulative Total of Daughter
Products
0 100 0 0
1 50 50 50
2 25 25 75
3
4
5
6
7
Table 3: Decay Rates Based on Flipping a Coin
Your Data “Jason’s” Data “Brisell’s” Data
Time Parent Material Daughter Products
Cumulative Daughter
Products Time Parent Material Daughter Products
Cumulative Daughter
Products Time Parent Material Daughter Products
Cumulative Daughter
Products
0 100 0 0 0 100 0 0 0 100 0 0
1 1 48 52 52 1 49 51 51
2 2 28 20 72 2 26 23 74
3 3 5 10 95 3 15 11 85
4 4 4 1 96 4 6 9 94
5 5 2 2 98 5 5 1 95
6 6 1 1 99 6 2 3 98
7 7 0 1 100 7 1 1 99
GRAPH:
Activity 1: Isotope Pairs and Half Lives
1. Examine Table 4: Useful Geologic Material for Determining Age below. Using what you learned in Activity 1, explain how the Useful Dating Range was determined.
Table 5: List of Geologic Materials
Material Information / Observations Best isotope pair(s) to use
a. Gneiss Probably Precambrian, contains K-feldspar, muscovite and hornblende
b. Granite Probably from the Paleozoic, contains K-feldspar, muscovite and hornblende
c. Zircon Grain Found in Paleozoic sediment – grain is older than the sediment
d. Cotton cloth Found at an ancient human burial site in Europe
3. Explain why all methods cannot be used to date all of the materials listed in Table 5.
Activity 2: Using Probability to Predict Decay Rate
4. Describe the process or reasoning you used to make your predictions.
Activity 3: Collecting Probability Data
5. Examine your Prediction Data in Part 2 and the data from the three (3) Trials in this section. Are the results exactly the same? Describe why this is so.
6. Describe the general shape of the lines you plotted on your graph.
7. How do the shapes of the four lines compare? If they are very different, give an explanation of why they are different. If they are similar in shape, explain why this is so.
8. This lab was designed to help you understand “radioactive half-life”. In your own words, define the principle of “radioactive half-life”.
Conclusion for Lab 2: Absolute Dating
Citation(s) of Sources Used:

Categories
Geology

• mountains, basins, and continents

• Nature of Geology
• Earth Materials (rocks and minerals)
• Plate Tectonics
• Deformation and Metamorphism
• Geologic Time
• Volcanoes and Volcanic Hazards
• Sedimentary Environments and Rocks
• Mountains, Basins, and Continents
What was your favorite topic we’ve covered, and why? What topic are you looking forward to learning about in the second half of the course (and why)?
Geologic Time- favorite that we’ve covered.
Earthquakes and Earth’s Interior-upcoming

Categories
Geology

I will leave the work up to you, as long as it is professional and well delivered.

Solicit your support on providing a summary of the key learnings retained from the lectures in 10 PowerPoint slides, plus 3 slides for the Cover page, Outline & References (Total of 13 slides).
Add enough text (short, key words), so that the slides are self-explanatory. You can use illustrations from the lectures, if needed or other sources. Attached are 8 lecture PowerPoint/notes taught during the course.
Please add speaker notes in each slide (assuming 100 or less words for each slide), explaining in detail in order for myself to be prepared for a 10-minute oral presentation. The slides transition should be smooth and well transitioned.
Note: Attached is a “Sample Presentation” done by one of colleagues in the past, for your use only.
I will leave the work up to you, as long as it is professional and well delivered.